20.65. kb-00064: Using ‘drpcli’ in Workflow

20.65.1. Knowledge Base Article: kb-00064

20.65.2. Description

This article explains how to use the drpcli client binary in workflow Tasks or Templates. The client requires authentication to the DRP Endpoint. The authentication information can be generated on the fly by the DRP Endpoint, and rendered in Templates for Tasks to use.

This article explains how to use the RackN provided setup.tmpl, as well as using Golang Template rendering constructs to build up the appropriate values needed.

This method can be used in regular shell scripts as Tasks, within Context Container usage, or any other place where the template rendering can be used to automatically set up access to the API services for Workflow.

This document outlines use of the Token (eg RS_TOKEN) method for authentication.

20.65.3. Solution

The drpcli client can use two primary modes of authentication to provide the necessary details to access and use the DRP Endpoint API. They are:

  • Username and Password (eg “basic”) authentication
  • Token authentication

By default Tokens that are generated for use in Workflow are only scoped to allow changes to the Machines object. This is a security control mechanism.

Using ``setup.tmpl``

The Template named setup.tmpl is designed to be used with Bash shell scripts in Workflow. It will setup the appropriate Shell variables for the drpcli client. This allows the drpcli tool to be used transparently without any options; as it will use the Shell environment variables by default.

To use it simply add the following Template injection near the top of your task/template:

# note the trailing lone dot is important !!
{{ template "setup.tmpl" . }}

When the Template is rendered, the following Variables are set that the drpcli client will use:

  • RS_ENDPOINT=”https://drp.example.com:8092
  • RS_TOKEN=”…long string with token here…”
  • RS_UUID=”…current machine’s UUID here…”

These variables can also be optionally used in the script if needed.

Note

The setup.tmpl is maintained under Templates in the DRP Community Content pack. Refer to it for complete details on all of the environment settings it manipulates (eg “exit on error” - set -e, interaction with the rs-debug-enable Param, etc).

Using Golang Template Rendering

Building up the appropriate details via Golang Template rendering is very easy. There are several helper functions that make this easy. Here’s an example of setting Shell variables appropriately for the drpcli client tool: This is effectively replicating what the setup.tmpl above does.

RS_ENDPOINT="{{ .ApiURL }}"
RS_TOKEN="{{ .GenerateInfiniteToken }}"
RS_UUID="{{ .Machine.UUID }}"

These can be rendered as Shell variables (as shown above), or in whatever native language format your Task/Template is using.

A Note on ExtraClaims and Permissions

From time to time you may need to authorize Tasks with the ability to manipulate other Objects in the system besides the Machines specific Object. This can be done by providing elevated permissions via the Claim system.

These are used by setting the Task ExtraClaims fields appropriately, as in the following example to modify Profiles:

ExtraClaims:
  - scope: "profiles"
    action: "*"
    specific: "*"

Note that the above ExtraClaims specifies full access to read/write/update all Profiles on the system. This is potentially bad. You can limit the authorization to only a specific Profile by specifying it by Name in the specific portion of the stanza.

20.65.4. Additional Information

Additional resources and information related to this Knowledge Base article.

20.65.4.1. See Also

20.65.4.2. Versions

All DRP Versions

20.65.4.3. Keywords

drpcli, rs_endpoint, rs_token, rs_username, rs_password, rs_uuid, template, rendering, api

20.65.4.4. Revision Information

KB Article     :  kb-00064
initial release:  Tue Apr 20 06:01:46 PDT 2021
updated release:  Tue Apr 20 06:01:46 PDT 2021