Dynamic Ansible Inventory (w/ Kubernetes via Kubespray Ansible)

The following instructions help with Ansible Playbooks via Digital Rebar. The instructions are generic and could be adapted to run on any Ansible run.

To make the documentation more specific, they use the installation of Kubernetes on network provisioned servers using Digital Rebar Provision (https://github.com/digitalrebar/provision) and the Kubernetes Kubespray Ansible playbooks (https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/kubespray).

Video Demo: https://youtu.be/b5himGQ1Zew.


Before starting this process, a Digital Rebar Provision (DRP) server is required, along with the ability to provision machines. These machines could be VMs, Packet servers or physical servers in a data center. DRP CLI and Ansible must also be installed on the system.

You can run the deployment on a single node; however, three nodes is the recommended minimum (one masters, three nodes).

Root ssh access to the systems is required for the script to work. At this time, testing is on Centos 7 only using root as the login. This documentation assumes provisioning has completed and the machines are ready for installation - there is no workflow automation to move from discovery or sledgehammer to the target o/s documented here.

Digital Rebar Provision Ansible Configuration

The Integrations Ansible Inventory.py script can be used to create a dynamic inventory from a Digital Rebar Endpoint. The inventory list is managed by parameters on profiles. You may have multiple independent inventory profiles.

Note: The RackN Kubespray Package containes a preconfigured profile that can be cloned for this use. There is also a specialized Ansible screen in the RackN UX for creating the member list.

You must create a ansible/groups profile with the following required params:

"ansible/groups": [

You must supply a ansible/groups-members list to map hosts into groups. The RackN UX will build this for you using a graphic selection matrix.

"ansible/groups-members": {
  "etcd": [
  "kube-master": [
  "kube-node": [

Optionally, ansible/groupvars maps profile and their params into groups:vars.

"ansible/groupvars": {
  "etcd": "kube-etcd",
  "kube-master": "kube-master",
  "kube-node": "kube-node"

Optionally, ansible/hostvars maps variables into the hostvars variable lists.

"ansible/hostvars": {
  "ansible_user": "root"

Optionally, ansible/parent-groups can be used to create children groups.

"ansible/parent-groups": {
  "kube-cluster": [

Ansible Dynamic Inventory from Digital Rebar Provision

Be certain to export the RS_ENDPOINT and RS_KEY to match the DRP endpoint information because the DRP dynamic Ansible inventory script relies on these values being set.

You will need to set RS_PROFILE to match the profile that you are using as a target. The default is mycluster

For this example, please ensure that jq is installed.

Download the inventory script to the local system to a convenient location and make it executable. You can test the script by simply running it. The script will output JSON in the required Ansible format.

curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/digitalrebar/provision/master/integrations/ansible/inventory.py -o inventory.py
chmod +x inventory.py
RS_PROFILE=mycluster ./inventory.py | jq

In order to test the Ansible integration, use the ping command. If everything is working, all the machines in the system should receive and respond to the ping command.

RS_PROFILE=mycluster ansible all -i inventory.py -m ping

Kubernetes Kubespray Playbook

To install Kubernetes, checkout the Kubespray playboot from https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/kubespray using git clone.

git clone https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/kubespray

it is important to review the Kubespray documentation and make any of the neccessary changes to the environment. For a simple test, run the playbook without any modifications using the following command.

RS_PROFILE=mycluster ansible-playbook -i inventory.py cluster.yml

Wait until Kubernetes complete and log into the master using https://[kube-master]:6443


Now that these steps are completed, the Digital Rebar Provision dynamic inventory script can be used in any number of ways.